Strategy For Promoting the Use of ICT in Education


The medium-term objectives from 2004 to 2010 include: to develop an ICT infrastructure and provide hardware for all levels of educational institutes and centers for the purposes of education and training; to prioritise human resource development to meet the requirements of the ICT and education sectors; to use ICT as a teaching and learning tool to promote skills in research, communication, problem solving and innovative thinking; and to raise administrative efficiency through the use of ICT for educational management.

Human Resource Development

The medium-term strategies for human resource development include: the establishment of courses for ICT professionals in higher education; the training of all teacher trainers in ICT use for professional development and administration; updating the primary and secondary school teacher-training curriculum to include ICT use for professional development, administration, teaching and learning; promotion of ICT-based research and independent/lifelong learning activities in all educational institutions; and training a minimum of one staff member from each educational institution in computer repair and maintenance.

Hardware and Infrastructure

Medium-term strategies for hardware and infrastructure include the equipping of teacher training colleges with infrastructure and hardware necessary to allow internet access; provision of a power supply and adequate hardware to secondary schools to allow connectivity and access to ICT; the provision of a mobile ICT learning unit in areas without connectivity; the promotion of community learning/information centres; and establishment of educational television and radio stations.

Development of Local Contents and Use of Open Source Software
Medium-term strategies include encouraging open source software use; promoting Khmer content development for formal, distance, and equivalency education programmes; and promoting operating system development in the Khmer language.

Use of ICT in Schools

Medium-term strategies include the promotion of ICT use to enhance teaching and learning in foreign languages, science, math, and social science; the modification of secondary school curriculum to incorporate ICT use in above subjects where possible; the provision of ICT as a life skills course; and the ethical use of ICT in schools.

Knowledge Management System

Medium-term strategies include establishing a National Clearing House online for the dissemination of Khmer and foreign language teaching and learning resources; and providing links to a variety of educational resources in Cambodia and worldwide.


ICT Applications for Open Schools and Distance Education
Access to primary and secondary education will be expanded through the promotion of ICT-enabled Open Schools. The current five year education plan will create open schools, distance education, and equivalency education in order to provide education in areas where conventional schooling is not available; learner-choice in how they want to learn; an opportunity for school drop-outs to proceed with their education; and the opportunity to combine education with work and learning.

ICT Use in Universities

ICT should be used to leverage the scarce human resource capacity of universities, and also connect learners to virtual learning resources around the world. A cyber campus consortium will be created to promote ICT use in teaching, learning, research, and administration; digitise Khmer language books and translate others into Khmer; and link to virtual universities elsewhere.

Cooperation and Partnership

Medium-term strategies include the promotion of cooperation between NGOs, national and international organisations, and individuals in order to build on opportunities for ICT development in education; and the building of partnerships with civil society and private organisations for the purpose of sharing ICT resources.