The Oldest Ceramic in Cambodia


From 1966-1968, Mr. and Mrs. Mourer and the students from Faculties of Archeology burrowed Laang Spean, a cave located in Kilometi 38 village, Taktrieng commune, Rattanak Mondul district, Battambang province. Leroi Gourhan’s theories were carried out so that such above excavation could become scientific. More importantly, this above prehistoric site, has a depth of 1.4 meters, and as nine strata.

The carbon remainder of the upper strata in the above prehistoric site was analyzed so that we would know the dates of the following: The ceramics in the first level are 750 A.D; the third level, 2050 A.D; the fourth level, 4290 A.D. It was when Cambodia experienced the war that the late scientific excavation was carried out in 1969. The Hoa Binh Site-like stone industry was found in North Vietnam, and the rhinoceros bones were found amongst the other animal bones; particularly, the 3000 BC ceramic. Thus, it was evident that Cambodian utilized these ceramics 5000 years ago.

In the same way, Mr. Carbonnel and Mr. Delibrias did the research on the other three caves in Kampot’s Phnom Kbal Romeas, and found The New Stone Age’s 3420 B.C ceramic.

Last but not the least, we could conclude that Khmer ancestors in Mon-Khmer race had the ability to produce and use the ceramics over 5000 years in Southeast Asia.

In brief, because Khmer prehistoric culture cannot be distinguished from the neighboring prehistoric culture, and because of its geography and Ethnology, we certify that any prehistoric study of the Kingdom of Cambodia is compiled in a general context of Indochina Peninsula and Malayu Cape.