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Cambodian Textile Quality

1. Tightness of weaving Expert weaving always comes through in the tightness of the weaving according to the type of cloth. Usually, tight weaving will produce a very soft cloth that is at the same time durable and strong.

2. Weight or density of the fabric This also relates to the tightness of the weaving, but also to the thickness of the cloth. In each category or type of cloth, whether it is 2-ply or 3-ply or 11-ply (such as a blanket weave), the heaviness and density indicates the tightness of the weave and the amount of silk used to per square inch or other surface measurements.

Types of Cambodian Silk Textiles

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The vestiges of the Angkor Empire at Angkor Wat or Bayon offers clues to trace the origin of Cambodian silk fabrics. On the bas-reliefs depicting the daily life of the people during that time or Apsaras(celestial maidens) with mysterious smiles, We have noticed that there are costumes with floral motifs or geometrical border patterns that very much resemble the Indian Ikat called Patola(Double Ikat) of the same period. According to the book "The Customs of Cambodia" written by one Chinese, Chou Ta-Kuan who visited Angkor Empire in 13 century and described its people's life in his book, textiles with spaced floral design have been imported from India and dealt with as the very finest cloths. Moreover, Angkor people have begun raising silkworms and weaving.

Koh Kong Port

The Koh Kong provincial port is really a system of three ports. Vessels entering Cambodia from Singapore, Malaysia or Thailand call first at Paklong, on the Gulf of Siam about 15 km from the Thai border, for customs clearance and other formalities. Up to 300-tonne capacity boats can be accepted, or 500 tonnes at anchorage. The 300-tonne boats can then proceed across the bay to Koh Kong town for unloading or transhipment to smaller vessels if required.

Koh Kong is a small provincial capital with no road access to the rest of Cambodia. Road 43 can only be used (with difficulty) by motor cycles at present. Thus after clearance most boats proceed to another provincial port al Sre Ambel, at an inlet the Kompong Som Bay near Road 4, some 170 km from Phnom Penh. Sre Ambel can only accept 120-130 tonne boats, however. Traffic that arrives at Koh Kong in larger boats has to be transhipped between vessels at Paklong or Koh Kong town.

Cambodia Dry Port

In 1993 Slhanoukville port suggested the concept of an inland clearance depot ('dry port') in the Phnom Penh area. Containers arriving in Sihanoukville could be taken by road or rail to the dry port for customs clearance, saving time and reducing inconvenience for customers based in Phnom Penh. In October 1994, it was announced that the project would go ahead under a join venture agreement with a private Singapore company.

Phnom Penh Port

Phnom Penh Port is located where the Mekong, Bassac, and Sab Rivers meet, the Port of Phnom Penh is the capital and main city of Cambodia. It is an important political, cultural, industrial, commercial, tourist, and historic center for Southeast Asia. Called the “Pearl of Asia” in the 1920s, the Port of Phnom Penh is well known for the French-style and traditional Khmer architecture. The richest city in Cambodia, the Port of Phnom Penh is undergoing an economic boom with new restaurants, bars, hotels, and residential buildings blossoming every day, making it one of the world’s most popular tourist destinations.

Sihanoukville Port

The Cambodia's main internationl sea port of Sihanoukville, situated in the Bay of Kompong Som, is the principal and only deep-water maritime port of the Kingdom of Cambodia. Kompong Som's natural advantages include deep water inshore and a degree of natural protection from storms provided by a string of islands across the mouth of the bay. The port was built in 1959 with a total capacity of 1.2 million encompassing the old french-built wharf and adjacent new facilities. The capacity of Sihanoukville port, in its present condition, is estimated at about 950,000 tonnes per year, excluding POL which has separate facilities. This is about twice its present traffic. The port can accommodate ships of 10,000 - 15,000 tons deadweight.

Cambodia International Ports

Cambodia's official imports and exports in 1993 probably amounted to some 1.4 million tonnes. Of this volume, about 1.1 million tonnes used one of the three international ports: Sihanoukville on the Gulf of Siam (43% of the total port tonnage in 1993), Phnom Penh on the Mekong river (46%), or the provincial port of Koh Kong (11%).

Sihanoukville is the main international deep sea port. It was constructed in the 1950s and 1960s. Phnom Penh depends on access via the Mekong through the delta area of Vietnam. Koh Kong is situated near the Thai border and is used by small boats, below 500 dwt. The characteristics of each port are discussed briefly below.

The Reasons to Invest in Cambodia

The Royal Government of Cambodia (RFC) has solved many problems related to the business and investment climate in Cambodia such as the reimbursement of value-added tax for exported goods, extension of tax holidays for garment factories, requirements for bank licensing, and the extension of accommodation tax exemption for the tourism industry. It is the policy of the Royal Government to increase access to international markets by integrating the Cambodian economy into the regional and world economy; rehabilitate and develop roads, airports, ports and other infrastructure including water supply, electricity distribution and telecommunication networks; and strengthen the legal framework, institutional capacity, investment and business facilitation.

Cambodia Special Economic Zones

The Royal Government of Cambodia (RFC) recognises that Special Economic Zones (SEZs) in Cambodia are an important part of the country's economic development because they bring infrastructure, jobs, skills, enhanced productivity and not least the prospect of poverty reduction in rural areas.

Location of the SEZs are vitally important so that the benefits in terms of increased employment and poverty reduction can be shared throughout Cambodia.

It is the policy of the Royal Government to lay production foundations in regions other than Phnom Penh in order to build economic linkages between urban and rural areas.

Funan Currency


The Khmer currency in Funan period has not been defined the exact date yet. From some of researches, we we know that the ancient Khmer coins can be divided into two different eras: first era started from 1st century to 4th century and second era from 4th century to 7th century.

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